|人口 Density||37.60 /公里2|
原 英国的 Crown, colony of Southern 罗得西亚, 津巴布韦's earliest inhabitants are traced back to the 5th century.
First in a series of sophisticated trade states, the Kingdom of Mapungubwe traded gold, ivory and copper with the first 欧洲的 从探险 葡萄牙. The Kingdom of 津巴布韦 emerged and expanded upon the ruins of the Mapungubwe, and eventually gave way to the Kingdom of Mutapa.
The Mutapa were renowned for their trade routes with the Arabic world and 葡萄牙, but the latter sought to gain control of this influence and waged a series of wars nearly collapsing the Mutapa Kingdom.